The Pugs originated in china and were bred to be companion dogs for the royalties of China. The royal families were very fond of the breed used to keep them in luxurious facilities and even guarded by soldiers. The actual origin of the breed is a mystery. Other than royal families, only the Buddhist monks of Tibet were allowed to have these dogs, who kept them as pets in their monasteries.
During the early 16th century, when China started trading with European countries, the first Pug was imported to Europe with the aid of Dutch East India Company. The breed quickly became popular among the royalties of Europe. The Pug became the official dog of House of Orange, in Holland, when a Pug saved the life of Prince of Orange, William, by warning him about the assassinators who came to kill him. When the Prince ascended the throne, he accompanied his pugs to the ceremony.
Josephine, Napoleon Bonaparte’s wife, owned a pug named “Fortune”. Before her marriage she was confined in prison, form where, she used to send secret messages to her family with the help of her pug, by hiding the messages in the collar. In the year 1886, black pugs were imported from China to England and were made fashionable by Lady Brassey.
Queen Victoria was also fond of the breed and her involvement with the dogs, helped in the establishment of the Kennel Club in 1873. Queen Victoria’s love for the breed was also passed on to the other members of the royal family, including her grandson King George V and his son King Edward VIII. The breed became very popular in Europe and was one of the favourite painting subjects of famous European artists.
Over the years the popularity of the breed continued to grow across different countries. The breed was highly admired and valued as a companion lap dog and was owned with great pride. Today, also the breed is loved for its wonderful temperament and ability to be a very good companion dog breed.
The Pug is a calm and gentle dog breed and is suited for families with children. They are playful and enjoy the company of their family. Unlike other lap dog they are not very delicate. They love to be the centre of attraction and are heartbroken if ignored. Although they are good with kids, but should never be left unsupervised when around them. Children must also be educated on how to behave with dogs and keep the needed distance.
The Pug is a good choice for apartment life. They are less active and quiet indoors. The Pugs are strong willed and can be stubborn at times, making the training a challenge. They are often called “shadows” as they love to follow their owners everywhere and want to stay close to them. They are always eager to please their owners and seek their attention and love.
The Pug is an active dog breed, which is generally healthy but can be affected by some health issues. Not all Pugs get affected by these diseases, but it is good to know about them, especially if you already have a Pug or are wishing to have one as your companion dog. Some of the common health issues include epilepse, hip dysplasia, hemivertebrae and patellar luxation. They may also suffer from some eye diseases like entropion, keratoconjunctivitis sicca (Dry eyes), corneal ulcers and proptosis.
They face difficulty in breathing as due to their short muzzle, they have compact breathing passageways, leading to breathing issues and lack of ability to efficiently manage their body temperature. As they are quiet and calm and prefer to spend most of their time in the laps of their owners, they can put on excess weight and become obese. The dog must always be provided with required amount of exercise to keep their weight under control and avoid related health problems.
The Pug is a small size dog breed with a square, compact and sturdy body. The head is large and rounded. The muzzle is short and black with teeth meeting in an under bite. The Pugs have prominent large rounded eyes that bulge out and are dark in colour. The ears are thin, smooth and velvety soft. The skin is loose on the face and has deep and distinct wrinkles. The body is square and stocky with strong and straight legs. The feet are small with strong ankles and black nails. The Pugs have a tail which normally curls tightly over the hip. The pug carries the expressions of affection, confidence, playfulness and loyalty.
They shed throughout the year and more during the summers.
They don’t have a lot of colours and can be found in fawn, silver fawn, apricot and black colour.
The Pug is a small sized dog breed and can stand at average height of 10 to 12 inches (25-30 cm) at the withers.
- Coat type
The Pugs are double coated dog breed and coat is short, smooth and glossy.
The Pug is a small size dog breed with a square, compact and sturdy body and can weigh around 6 to 8 Kg (14-18 pounds).