The Labradors originated from the islands of Newfoundland, off the Atlantic costs of Canada. The breed was developed in the beginning of the 18th century. It was originally bred to help fishermen, by retrieving fished who had escaped the hooks, hauling nets and fetching ropes. The breed was very popular with the fishermen due to its intelligence, swimming and retrieving abilities and affection towards its family members.
Labrador was originally called as St. John ’s dog. Due to its impressive intelligence and retrieving abilities the English sportsmen imported few dogs to England. The breed gained its popularity in the UK and was recognized by the Kennel Club in 1903. Soon the popularity of the breed spread to various countries.
Today the Labrador retriever is one of the most popular dog breed in the world. His loyalty, compassion and intelligence are highly appreciated. Due to their sweet nature and intelligence the Labradors have been used as therapy dogs and assistance dogs for helping the handicapped. Also they are used as detection dogs, by military and police forces to track down drugs, thieves, explosives and in search and rescue operations. Not to forget these are wonderful companion dogs.
The Labrador is one of the best tempered dogs. He is kind, devoted, intelligent, friendly and very loyal. He loves to spend time with his human companions. Due to their sweet nature and intelligence the Labradors have been used as therapy dogs, as well as assistance dogs for helping the handicapped or disabled. They have an extremely high success rate as a guide dog.
The Labradors have a very good sense of smell and can track almost any smell to its origin. They generally do not get distracted, while chasing a smell. Due to this ability, the Labradors are used as detection dogs, by military and police forces to track down smugglers, thieves, explosives and in search and rescue operations. They love to hold objects in their mouth, it can even be your arm or hand, but they do this with great delicacy.
As their name suggests, they are very good retrievers and are loved by hunters for their abilities and compassion. They are very good swimmers, which makes them an all round retriever both on land and water.
The Labrador retriever is one of the most popular dog breeds of the world. The breed is lovable, intelligent, affectionate, athletic and obedient. Many people are under the myth that Labradors don’t need training, which is not true. Every dog must be trained to behave properly in the human world. An out of control Labrador can be difficult to handle. The Labradors are highly intelligent and quick learners, which makes them easy to train. They excel in competitions of intelligence, especially in obedience.
The Labrador is generally a healthy breed, but can be affected by some heath issues. Not all Labradors get affected by some or all of these diseases, but it is good to know about them if you wish to have a Labrador as your companion dog. Labradors can be prone to hip and elbow dyspepsia. Eye problems which can affect the health of Labradors are cataracts, Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) and corneal dystrophy. Other health issues involve Gastric Dilataion-Volvulus (Bloat) and epilepsy. Labradors love water and their hanging ears can trap moisture, which could lead to ear infection. The ears must be checked and cleaned regularly. One very common health issue with Labradors is obesity. They love to eat and many times the owners overfeed them, due to their love for the dog. An improper diet plan and lack of sufficient exercise can make the dog obese, which further adds on to a lot of health issues.
The Labradors are medium to large sized breed with a muscular and sporty body. The head is broad with pronounced eyebrows. They eyes are kind and very expressive. On having an eye contact with the dog, you feel, as if, you know what the dog wants. Ears are triangular in shape and hang close to the head. The muzzle is of medium length with strong jaws. The body is muscular with the tail being broad. The toes of the Labrador are webbed with the help of which, they swim very effectively. A Labrador always has a cute and kind expression on his face.
Labs come in three colours: yellow (cream to fox red), brown and black
- Coat type
The coat is short and dense with straight hairs.
Labradors shed heavily, especially in temperate climates.
The Lab stands at a height of 22 to 24 inches (56 to 61 cm) tall at the withers.
The Labradors are medium to large sized breed with a muscular and sporty body and can weight around 65 to 80 pounds (29 to 36 kg).
- Under coat
The undercoat is soft, dense and water resistant, helping the dog to swim and retrieve things in cold water.