The Golden retriever was developed in Scotland in the mid 19th century. During those days, the wealthy Scottish elites were very fond of the wildfowl hunting. But they were not happy with the existing retriever breeds due to their incapability to effectively retrieve the game; both form water as well as land. This was necessary because the hunting grounds were having several marshy ponds and rivers. They wanted a dog which could be excellent at retrieving on both land and water, as well as be even tempered and loyal to his master at home.
This lead to the crossing of the best water spaniels with the existing retrievers. The descendent dogs were further bred with the wavy and flat coated retrievers, leading to the development of the Golden Retrievers. They were named so, due to their yellowish golden colour and retrieving abilities.
As the sport of hunting gained its popularity, the Golden retriever also took his share. He was very much appreciated and liked by the hunters for his amazing retrieving abilities as well as his intelligence, even-tempered nature and loyalty towards its owners. In the year 1911 they were officially recognized by the Kennel Club in England as a distinct breed and were given the name – “Golden Retriever” in the year 1920.
Today the Golden Retriever is one of the most popular and recognized dog breeds in the world. His even-temper, loyalty, affection and love for his family makes him a wonderful companion dog.
This is an intelligent breed which learns new things quickly.
The calm and friendly nature of the Golden retriever makes him a poor guard dog.
They are very patient with kids and enjoy their presence, but can unintentionally knock around kids due to their enthusiasm.
On proper socialization they are fairly good with other pets.
The Golden Retriever is a high energy dog and loves to play and required lot of exercise to ease out its energy.
The Golden retriever is highly intelligent with a strong desire to please, making him easy to train.
The Golden Retriever is an active breed and requires daily exercise of 30 to 60 minutes to be healthy.
This is an energetic and agile dog breed. Due to its instincts of a retriever dog the Golden Retriever is fairly quick and agile.
They do fairly well in hot climate but require sufficient amount of water, shade and fresh air.
Due to its long and dense hair coat the Golden retriever can be fairly comfortable in colder conditions, but too much of cold should be avoided.
The average life span of a Golden Retriever is about 10 to 12 years.
They shed regularly. In winters the shedding is moderate while in spring and fall they shed heavily.
The golden retriever comes in all shades of Golden colour – light to dark.
The male stands at a height of 22-24 in (56-61 cm) at the withers.
The coat is of medium length with dense and shiny water repellent hairs. The hairs could be straight or wavy.
The Golden Retriever has a thick and dense undercoat.
The Golden Retriever is a medium to large dog breed with a strong and athletic body and can weigh up to 29-34 kg (65-75 pounds).
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