The roots of the dachshunds go back to the ancient Egypt, as there were engravings found, featuring short-legged hunting dogs. The modern Dachshunds were created in Germany as badger dogs. The name “Dachshund” means “badger dog” in German. The early dachshunds were larger, than today’s bread, weighing between 30 to 40 lb(14 to 18 kg) and were used to hunt animal like foxes and deer.
Later the bread was developed to be fearless and tenacious, with the body structure which could enable them to dig into the badger burrows, chase and fight and kill them, if needed. This short legged hunting dog was very good at identifying smells and tracking them. The modern breed is considered to have been developed through cross between Braque, a small French pointing breed and small terrier type dogs. The breed is also considered to have a few elements of German and French hounds.
The Dachshunds with their short and large front paws are able to quickly dig and move briskly inside the tunnel, while chasing their game. Their unusually large barrel-like chest provides them, with an increased lung capacity for stamina while tracking and hunting their prey inside the tunnel. The skin is smooth and loose enough, to avoid any tear while chasing its prey undergrounds.
Today they have evolved as a companion dog breed, but their hunting instincts still exists. They can hunt both above and under the ground.
Many dachshunds are stubborn, making them a challenge to train.
Their smell identification senses are very strong along with a fearless attitude. This makes them a very handy watch dog.
This is an intelligent breed, with its own ideas.
They are good with kids of their own family, if introduced early. But you cannot say the same with other kids.
If socialized properly they can work around well with other pets.
The dachshunds are active and energetic breed which love to play around for identify new smells, but they don’t require lot of exercise to ease out their energy.
The dachshunds have an average age of 10 to 12 years.
Despite their short legs, the dachshunds can be fairly agile and quick while following their game.
This is a playful breed and require moderate amount of daily exercise
They do fairly well in hot climatic conditions, but extreme conditions are not suggested.
Too much of cold is not recommended for dachshunds and is better to have a sweater for it, while taking it out in cold.
The dominant color in the breed is red, followed by black and tan.
A full-grown standard dachshund stands at a height of 8 to 9 inches (20-23 cm).
They do shed, but not excessively.
There are three dachshund coat types: smooth coat (short hair), longhaired, and wirehaired. The most liked coat being the smooth or short haired.
They have a softer undercoat with hard hairs on the topcoat.
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