Bernese Mountain

INR 50,000 - 100,000
Breed Group : Working Group
Origin : Switzerland
The Bernese Mountain dog is a large sized working dog breed which originated in Switzerland. The breed was originally developed to herd cattle, pull carts, guard farms and be a loyal companion. This is a powerful dog and one of the four breeds of the Swiss Mountain Dogs. The Bernese mountain dog is large and powerful yet affectionate, friendly and calm dog breed.

The Bernese mountain dog also known as Berner Sennenhund is considered to be a very old breed, almost 2000 years old.  The breed is considered to have Molosser as its ancestor. The Molosser was a big, powerful dog breed which was very intelligent, loyal and strong. The breed has been responsible for the origin on many mastiff type dogs. The Molosser dogs used to travel along with the roman forces, herding the cattle and also acting as guard dogs. When the Roman forces invaded the Swiss Alps, these dogs cross bred with native farm dog which led to the development of Swiss mountain dogs (Appenzeller, Entlebucher mountain dog, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, and Bernese mountain dog). 

The breed was used in the Swiss farms for various activities like pulling heavy carts, herding cattle, guarding the farms and being a loyal companion but very little attention was paid to preserve the breed and by the end of 19th century the breed was on the verge of extinction. Luckily some fanciers got interested in preserving the breed and exhibited the dogs in the large dog shows in Berne. In the year 1907, few breeders came together and founded the first breed club the Schweizerische Durrbach-Klub, and wrote the first breed standards. The breed was eventually recognized as Berner Sennenhund or Bernese Mountain Dog. 

Slowly the breed started gaining popularity in other parts of the world as well. After the world War I, the first Bernese was exported to Holland and then to United States. After the World War II, as the restriction on import and registrations were removed the popularity of the breed picked up. Soon the breed became a well known companion dog breed and is still loved for its combination of being a beautiful dog with a gentle and affectionate temperament with a powerful body.

The Bernese Mountain dog is a strong and powerful dog breed with attractive good looks. They are very affectionate and loyal towards their family and enjoy their company.
This is an intelligent dog breed and can be trained fairly easily. Despite their large and powerful body size, they are soft at heart and should not be treated harshly while training. These are very affectionate dogs and should be trained with positive reinforcement methods like love, food treats and play.
A Bernese can get along well with children of all ages and loves spending time with them. It is always very important to be around children when dogs are with them. Although he is very gentle and affectionate towards his family members, but care must be taken, as due to his large body size and power he can unintentionally bump into small kids, which could lead to injury. Children must also be educated on how to behave when they are around dogs.
This is not a dog for apartment life as they require large yards to play and ease out their energy. The Bernese mountain dog is a very hard working breed and requires physical activities to ease out its energy. Although he is not very aggressive but is protective towards his family.
It well trained and provided with sufficient exercise on daily basis, the Bernese mountain dog can be a great companion dog. The breed is very calm, gently, affectionate and loyal towards their family.
  • Inteligence

    The Bernese is an intelligent breed with a desire to please.

  • Guard Dog

    The Bernese is big and powerful dog and will bark to warn off the stranger. However it is not very aggressive.

  • Good with kids

    They are generally good with kids and enjoy spending time with them, but kids should not be left unattended with the dogs. Due to their big size and energy they could unintentionally knock around kids.

  • Good With other pets

    On proper socialization and training, they get along well with other dogs.

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  • Energy level

    The Bernese is a high energy working dog and requires plenty of physical activities to ease out its energy.

The Bernese Mountain dog is a healthy breed, but it can get affected by some health issues. Not all Bernese get affected by these diseases, but it is good to know about them, if you are wishing to have them as your companion dog. Due to their small gene pool, many dogs are bred with health issues. This further leads to new dogs being born with genetic or hereditary health issues.
Some of the common health issues include hip & elbow dysplasia, Von Willebrand's Disease, arthritis and cruciate ligament rupture.The Bernese are prone to different types of cancers, including including malignant histiocytosis, mast cell tumor, lymphosarcoma, and osteosarcoma. They can also suffer from eye diseases like Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) and cataracts. Ears should be regularly checked and cleaned to avoid ear infections. These are big and powerful dogs and should be provided with sufficient daily exercise involving long walks and play sessions that stimulates both, physical and mental abilities of the dog.
  • Exercise need

    This is a working breed which is more comfortable performing activities outdoors. They should be provided plenty of exercise on daily basis to keep them healthy and happy.

  • Agility

    The Bernese can be quick and athletic and can perform well at agility contests.

  • Tolerant to heat

    They are not suited for warm conditions and can be easily affected by heat strokes.

  • Tolerant to cold

    The Bernese are very comfortable in cold weather. Their thick and dense coat provides warmth in colder conditions. They love to play in snow.

  • Age

    Like other large sized dogs, the Bernese also has a short lifespan. The average life expectancy of the Bernese Mountain dog, is considered to be around 6 to 8 years.

The Bernese mountain dog is a large sized dog with a sturdy and muscular body. The head is broad being flat at the top with a moderate slope. The muzzle is medium sized but powerful muzzle having a scissors bite. The ears are of medium length, triangular and hang in pendent form. The eyes are almond shaped and brown in colour carrying gentle expressions. The tail is long and bushy, which is mostly carried low. The tricoloured coat which is thick and wavy adds to the beauty of the dog. The coat comprises majorly of black with a pronounced white chest and rust colour markings above eyes, sides of the muzzle, on the legs and underside of the tail. Along with the chest the white markings are also present between the eyes (which continues to cover the front part of the muzzle), on the tail tip and the paws.
  • Shedding

    The Bernese sheds moderately throughout the year and heavily during spring and fall.

  • Colour

    The coat is tri-coloured comprising mostly of black with markings of white and rust colour.

  • Size

    The Bernese Mountain Dog stands at a height of 25 to 28 inches (64-70 cm).

  • Coat type

    Bernese has a thick double coat with an outer coat comprising of long and wavy hairs.

  • Under coat

    The undercoat is wooly and keeps the body warm in cold weather.

  • Stature

    The Bernese mountain dog is a large sized dog with a sturdy and muscular body and can weigh around 40 to 50 Kg (88-110 pounds).

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